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Greenwich Village

Greenwich Village is home to Washington Square Park, one of Manhattan's most historical and important landmarks, which is the center of this diverse neighborhood. To the north of the park are the quiet tree-lined streets, townhouse, and prestigious doorman buildings leading up to the Arch on Fifth Avenue. This peaceful and relaxed section of Greenwich Village is surrounded by some of the more popular areas of Manhattan, such as Union Square and the West Village/Meatpacking District. South of the park are the walk-up buildings, café's, restaurants, and bars that are more identifiable with the members of Greenwich Village's best known resident, NYU. Some of Manhattan's most famous establishments are here below West 3rd Street. Between Sixth and Seventh Avenues you can begin to see the shift from the busy streets of the Village, to the less traveled streets of the West Village, while still offering the convenience of having such a central location. Bounded by 14th Street to the North, Houston Street to the South, Seventh Avenue to the West and Broadway on the East. Subways: B, D, F, V, A, C, E can all be accessed at the West 4th Street station at Sixth Avenue, or on 14th Street with the orange line staying on Sixth Avenue, and the blue line crossing at Eighth Avenue. The 1, 2, and 3 trains all make stops at 14th Street and Seventh Avenue, while the 1 train also stops at Sheridan Square (Christopher Street and Seventh Avenue). At Broadway and East 8th Street you can access the N, R, and W trains.

Historical Architecture

Greenwich Village is located on what was once marshland. In the 16th century, Native Americans referred to it as Sapokanikan ("tobacco field"). The land was cleared in the 1630s and turned into pasture by Dutch settlers, who named their settlement Noortwyck. The English conquered the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam in 1664, and Greenwich Village developed as a hamlet separate from the larger (and fast-growing) Manhattan. It officially became a village in 1712, and was first referred to as Grin'wich in 1713 Common Council records. In 1822, a yellow fever epidemic in New York City encouraged residents to flee to the healthier air of Greenwich Village, and afterwards many stayed. Greenwich Village is generally known as an important landmark on the map of bohemian culture. The neighborhood is known for its colorful, artistic residents and the alternative culture they propagate. Due in part to the progressive attitudes of many of its residents, the Village has traditionally been a focal point of new movements and ideas, whether political, artistic, or cultural. This tradition as an enclave of avant-garde and alternative culture was established by the beginning of the 20th century, when small presses, art galleries, and experimental theater thrived. During the golden age of bohemianism, Greenwich Village became famous for such eccentrics as Joe Gould (profiled at length by Joseph Mitchell) and Maxwell Bodenheim, as well as greats on the order of Eugene O'Neill. Political rebellion also made its home here, whether serious (John Reed) or frivolous (Marcel Duchamp and friends set off balloons from atop Washington Square arch, proclaiming the founding of "The Independent Republic of Greenwich Village"). The Village again became important to the bohemian scene during the 1950s, when the Beat Generation focused their energies here. Fleeing from what they saw as oppressive social conformity, a loose collection of writers, poets, artists, and students (later known as the Beats) moved to Greenwich Village, in many ways creating the East Coast predecessor to the Haight-Ashbury hippie scene of the next decade. The Village (and the rest of New York City) would later play central roles in the writings of, among others, Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, William S. Burroughs, and Dylan Thomas, who collapsed while drinking at the White Horse Tavern on November 9, 1953. Greenwich Village played a major role in the development of the 1960s folk music scene. Three of the four members of The Mamas and the Papas met here. Village resident Bob Dylan was one of the foremost popular songwriters in the country, and often developments in New York City would influence the simultaneously occurring folk rock movement in San Francisco, and vice versa. Dozens of other cultural and popular icons got their start in the Village's nightclub, theater, and coffeehouse scene during the 1950s, 1960s, and early 1970s, notably Peter, Paul, and Mary, Simon and Garfunkel, Joan Baez, and Phil Ochs. The Greenwich Village of the 1950s and 1960s was at the center of Jane Jacobs's book The Death and Life of Great American Cities, which defended it and similar communities, while critiquing common urban renewal policies of the time. Greenwich Village was also home to one of the many safe houses used by the radical anti-war movement known as the Weather Underground. On March 6, 1970, however, their safehouse was destroyed when a bomb they were constructing was accidentally detonated, costing three Weathermen (Ted Gold, Terry Robbins, and Diana Oughton) their lives. In recent days, the Village has maintained its role as a center for movements that have challenged the wider American culture: for example, its role in the gay liberation movement. It contains Christopher Street and the Stonewall Inn, important landmarks, as well as the world's oldest gay and lesbian bookstore, Oscar Wilde Bookshop, founded in 1967.

Greenwich Village Buildings
  Building min max avg
124 MacDougal Street $0 $5000 $1966
11 Waverly Place $0 $4200 $836
The Villager $0 $11250 $5158
117 Waverly Place $0 $7700 $3402
600 Washington $0 $6800 $1703
240 Sullivan Street $0 $3150 $1790
230 Thompson Street $0 $3800 $725
234 Thompson Street $0 $3500 $1892
132 Thompson Street $0 $4283 $561
220 Sullivan Street $0 $7150 $2259